Security Advisories » Jenkins Security Advisory 2020-01-29

Jenkins Security Advisory 2020-01-29

This advisory announces vulnerabilities in the following Jenkins deliverables:

Descriptions

Inbound TCP Agent Protocol/3 authentication bypass

SECURITY-1682 / CVE-2020-2099

Jenkins 2.213 and earlier, LTS 2.204.1 and earlier includes support for the Inbound TCP Agent Protocol/3 for communication between master and agents. While this protocol has been deprecated in 2018 and was recently removed from Jenkins in 2.214, it could still easily be enabled in Jenkins LTS 2.204.1, 2.213, and older.

This protocol incorrectly reuses encryption parameters which allow an unauthenticated remote attacker to determine the connection secret. This secret can then be used to connect attacker-controlled Jenkins agents to the Jenkins master.

Jenkins 2.204.2 no longer allows for the use of Inbound TCP Agent Protocol/3 by default. The system property jenkins.slaves.JnlpSlaveAgentProtocol3.ALLOW_UNSAFE can be set to true to allow enabling the Inbound TCP Agent Protocol/3 in Jenkins 2.204.2, but doing so is strongly discouraged.

Inbound TCP Agent Protocol/3 was removed completely from Jenkins 2.214 and will not be part of Jenkins LTS after the end of the 2.204.x line.

Jenkins vulnerable to UDP amplification reflection attack

SECURITY-1641 / CVE-2020-2100

Jenkins 2.218 and earlier, LTS 2.204.1 and earlier supports two network discovery services (UDP multicast/broadcast and DNS multicast) by default.

The UDP multicast/broadcast service can be used in an amplification reflection attack, as very few bytes sent to the respective endpoint result in much larger responses: A single byte request to this service would respond with more than 100 bytes of Jenkins metadata which could be used in a DDoS attack on a Jenkins master. Within the same network, spoofed UDP packets could also be sent to make two Jenkins masters go into an infinite loop of replies to one another, thus causing a denial of service.

Jenkins 2.219, LTS 2.204.2 now disables both UDP multicast/broadcast and DNS multicast by default.

Administrators that need these features can re-enable them again by setting the system property hudson.DNSMultiCast.disabled to false (for DNS multicast) or the system property hudson.udp to 33848, or another port (for UDP broadcast/multicast). These are the same system properties that controlled whether these features were enabled in the past, so any instances explicitly enabling these features by setting these system properties will continue to have them enabled.

Non-constant time comparison of inbound TCP agent connection secret

SECURITY-1659 / CVE-2020-2101

Jenkins 2.218 and earlier, LTS 2.204.1 and earlier does not use a constant-time comparison validating the connection secret when an inbound TCP agent connection is initiated. This could potentially allow attackers to use statistical methods to obtain the connection secret.

Jenkins 2.219, LTS 2.204.2 now uses a constant-time comparison function for verifying connection secrets.

Non-constant time HMAC comparison

SECURITY-1660 / CVE-2020-2102

Jenkins 2.218 and earlier, LTS 2.204.1 and earlier does not use a constant-time comparison when checking whether two HMACs are equal. This could potentially allow attackers to use statistical methods to obtain a valid HMAC for an attacker-controlled input value.

Jenkins 2.219, LTS 2.204.2 now uses a constant-time comparison when validating HMACs.

Diagnostic page exposed session cookies

SECURITY-1695 / CVE-2020-2103

Jenkins shows various technical details about the current user on the /whoAmI page. In a previous fix, the Cookie header value containing the HTTP session ID was redacted. However, user metadata shown on this page could also include the HTTP session ID in Jenkins 2.218 and earlier, LTS 2.204.1 and earlier.

This allows attackers able to exploit a cross-site scripting vulnerability to obtain the HTTP session ID value from this page.

Jenkins 2.219, LTS 2.204.2 no longer prints out the affected user metadata that might contain the HTTP session ID.

Additionally, we also redact values of further authentication-related HTTP headers in addition to Cookie on this page as a hardening.

Memory usage graphs accessible to anyone with Overall/Read

SECURITY-1650 / CVE-2020-2104

Jenkins includes a feature that shows a JVM memory usage chart for the Jenkins master.

Access to the chart in Jenkins 2.218 and earlier, LTS 2.204.1 and earlier requires no permissions beyond the general Overall/Read, allowing users who are not administrators to view JVM memory usage data.

Jenkins 2.219, LTS 2.204.2 now requires Overall/Administer permissions to view the JVM memory usage chart.

Jenkins REST APIs vulnerable to clickjacking

SECURITY-1704 / CVE-2020-2105

Jenkins 2.218 and earlier, LTS 2.204.1 and earlier does not serve the X-Frame-Options: deny HTTP header on REST API responses to protect against clickjacking attacks. An attacker could exploit this by routing the victim through a specially crafted web page that embeds a REST API endpoint in an iframe and tricking the user into performing an action which would allow for the attacker to learn the content of that REST API endpoint.

Jenkins 2.219, LTS 2.204.2 now adds the X-Frame-Options: deny HTTP header to REST API responses, which prevents these types of clickjacking attacks.

Stored XSS vulnerability in Code Coverage API Plugin

SECURITY-1680 / CVE-2020-2106

Code Coverage API Plugin 1.1.2 and earlier does not escape the filename of the coverage report used in its view.

This results in a stored cross-site scripting vulnerability that can be exploited by users able to change the job configuration.

Code Coverage API Plugin 1.1.3 escapes the filename of the coverage report used in its view.

Fortify Plugin stored credentials in plain text

SECURITY-1565 / CVE-2020-2107

Fortify Plugin 19.1.29 and earlier stored its proxy server password unencrypted in job config.xml files. This password could be read by users with the Extended Read permission.

Fortify Plugin 19.2.30 now encrypts the proxy server password.

XXE vulnerability in WebSphere Deployer Plugin

SECURITY-1719 / CVE-2020-2108

WebSphere Deployer Plugin 1.6.1 and earlier does not configure the XML parser to prevent XML external entity (XXE) attacks. This could be exploited by a user with Job/Configure permissions to upload a specially crafted war file containing a WEB-INF/ibm-web-ext.xml which is parsed by the plugin.

As of publication of this advisory, there is no fix.

Severity

Affected Versions

  • Jenkins weekly up to and including 2.218
  • Jenkins LTS up to and including 2.204.1
  • Code Coverage API Plugin up to and including 1.1.2
  • Fortify Plugin up to and including 19.1.29
  • WebSphere Deployer Plugin up to and including 1.6.1

Fix

  • Jenkins weekly should be updated to version 2.219
  • Jenkins LTS should be updated to version 2.204.2
  • Code Coverage API Plugin should be updated to version 1.1.3
  • Fortify Plugin should be updated to version 19.2.30

These versions include fixes to the vulnerabilities described above. All prior versions are considered to be affected by these vulnerabilities unless otherwise indicated.

As of publication of this advisory, no fixes are available for the following plugins:

  • WebSphere Deployer Plugin

Credit

The Jenkins project would like to thank the reporters for discovering and reporting these vulnerabilities:

  • Adam Thorn, University of Cambridge for SECURITY-1641
  • Cheng Gao, Alibaba Cloud Intelligence Security Team, https://www.aliyun.com/ for SECURITY-1719
  • Daniel Beck, CloudBees, Inc. for SECURITY-1650, SECURITY-1660
  • Daniel Beck, CloudBees, Inc. and Wadeck Follonier, CloudBees, Inc. for SECURITY-1695
  • Federico Pellegrin for SECURITY-1680
  • James Holderness, IB Boost for SECURITY-1565
  • Jesse Glick, CloudBees, Inc. and, independently, Wasin Saengow for SECURITY-1659
  • Michele Romano for SECURITY-1704
  • Thijs Alkemade from Computest for SECURITY-1682